Apprentices Electric Vehicles Research

2026 marks cross-roads for EV skills gap

According to new analysis from the Institute of the Motor Industry, 90,000 automotive technicians[i] will be required to provide sufficient workforce to service the volume[ii] of zero emissions vehicles predicted to be on UK roads by 2030 – the government’s Road to Zero deadline. However, whilst the automotive sector is working hard to retrain and upskill, because of the accelerated adoption of EV, the professional body is predicting that there will be a shortfall of 35,700 technicians by 2030, with 2026 marking the point at which the skills gap will materialise.

Steve Nash, CEO of the Institute of the Motor Industry comments:  “As of 2020, there were 15,400 qualified TechSafeTM technicians in the UK[iii]. That number represents just 6.5% of the UK automotive sector and was already giving us cause for concern. Our new analysis paints an even more challenging picture

The pace of EV adoption is accelerating, even while the issues around infrastructure remain a barrier. Once the charging network is fit for purpose, combined with electric vehicles becoming more financially accessible, the next big challenge will be how to ensure we have a workforce adequately qualified to provide the essential servicing, maintenance and repair to keep these vehicles safe on the roads. And that’s where we believe government attention – and funds – should be focused now.

“Whether it’s looking at incentives to retrain the existing workforce, or ensuring that school-leavers and people changing the direction of their career are excited about the prospects of working in such a fast moving sector, there needs to be a mind-shift in how to fix the widening skills gap. Significant investment is being ploughed into infrastructure, but the government still seems to be ignoring the fact that without a skilled workforce, it will fail in its decarbonisation ambitions.”

Forecast gap between predicted Electric Vehicles on UK roads and TechSafeTM) Technicians

Using the Society of Motor Manufacturers and Traders (SMMT) upper scenario on EV adoption, the IMI predicts that the number of TechSafeTM qualified technicians required by 2030 is 90,000. As of 2020 there were 15,400 qualified, and using current forecast trends, by 2030 there could be a shortfall of 35,700 qualified technicians, risking the safety of technicians and undermining confidence that electric vehicles can be serviced, maintained and repaired by a garage with the right skills. The forecast also indicates that the gap could materialise as soon as 2026 thus risking the government’s 2030 green ambitions.

Gap in skills widens as EV adoption accelerates – a shortfall of 35,700 technicians predicted by 2030 if retraining isn’t addressed urgently

Faced with the potentially fatal consequences of an inadequately skilled workforce, the IMI is repeating its plea for the government to commit funding to support EV skills training. It is suggesting a £15m boost would play a critical role, contributing towards training for up to 75,000 technicians[iv]. In the context of the £1.9bn investment committed by government in the 2020 Spending Review to supporting the transition to zero emission vehicles for charging infrastructure and consumer incentives[v], the IMI believes this is a modest figure.

It would make a significant difference, particularly for the independent sector which historically has less training opportunities compared to the franchise network which is supported by manufacturer academies, with the result that consumers will have less choice.

The current gaping chasm in EV skills not only presents a safety threat for those who may risk working on high voltage vehicle systems without appropriate training and qualifications; it also means the premium on skills could add to costs for motorists, creating another, unnecessary deterrent to the switch to EV”, concluded Steve Nash.

The government wants the adoption of EV to continue at a pace – the investment in EV charging needs to be matched by an investment in EV skills training to help employers ensure the workforce is EV-ready and electrified motoring doesn’t come at a premium.”

[i] Technician forecasts: IMI calculation interpreting EMSIE SOC data (2020)

[ii] Number of EVs: SMMT – High Scenario forecast June 2021 for BVs & PHEV

[iii] TechsafeTM figures: All 4 nation qualification regulatory board published data (Ofqual, SQA, CCEA, Qualifications Wales)

[iv] Calculation based on a 50% contribution to Level 2 two day training course (£400). This does not cover travel, accommodation or loss of booked hours. £15m funding will support upskilling of 75,000 technicians.


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